Kirňavki (etym. kirno rotten, decayed). Potatoes that stayed in the ground over the
winter. In the winter and in the early-morning hours of spring, until there was work in the fields or in
construction, Roma were beset with terrible poverty. At that time, women went looking for potatoes that
remained in the earth after harvest. From them they baked marikl’a or
they cooked haluški with them. According to witnesses, the frozen
kirňavki crumbled into powder. They stank and the dish made from them was apparently
The term kirňavki also made its way into eastern Slovak dialects. It seems that poor
Gádže also went with Roma women to gather kirňavki.