Collection of Material/Book Details about the Books

General Literature
I am from Austria
What is the Romani language?

Fairy Tales and Narratives
Der Rom und der Teufel
Fern von uns im Traum...
Die schlaue Romni
Zigeunermärchen
Abschied von Sidonie

Autobiographies
...und dann zogen wir weiter
Wir leben im Verborgenen

Material for Classroom Use
Abschied von Sidonie von Erich Hackl
Analysehilfen Erich Hackl "Abschied von Sidonie"
Erich Hackl: Abschied von Sidonie
Sinti und Roma – eine Minderheit in Deutschland
Antiziganismus

PrintPrintable version

Details about General Literature


Title

Österreichisches Volksgruppenzentrum (ed.) (2001) I am from Austria – Volksgruppen in Österreich, Klagenfurt: Hermagoras. (62 p.)

Source of supply

Österreichisches Volksgruppenzentrum, Teinfaltstraße 4, 1010 Vienna; Phone (+43) 01/5331504, mail to oevz@twinet.net or Bookstore Hermagoras / Mohorjewa; Phone (+43) 0463/56515-46; mail to buchhandlung@mohorjewa.at.

Short description

Basic information about the six acknowledged ethnic groups in Austria (Czechs, Croatians, Hungarians, Slovakians, Slovenes, Roma) and the 7th, not (yet) recognized group (Polish).

Content

History, language (linguistic examples in Burgenland-Romani), culture, areas of settlement, census results, ethnic groups policy since 1945, Austrian ethnic groups and their organizations, their rights and support, economic situation in the areas of settlement of Austrian ethnic groups, religion, media, official languages, education and schools, reference to literature.

Note

In the results of the 1991 census, no reference to the Roma is made; at that time, only 91 people declared using the colloquial language Romanes. After the last census, carried out in 2001, 6.273 people declared themselves as Roma; the actual number of Roma living in Austria probably is somewhere between 20.000 and 40.000.

Goal

Getting to know Austria's ethnic groups; the handbook gives basic information. The Roma's situation is seen in the context of the situation of other Austrian ethnic groups.

Target Group

Depending on the selection of information, suitable for children from 8 years on

Reference

History and Social Studies, Geography and Economic Studies, Political Education

Collection of Material/Book I am from Austria


Title

Bakker, Peter / Kyuchukov, Hristo (ed.) (2000) What is the Romani language? Hatfield: University of Hertfordshire Press. (137 p.)

Source of supply

University of Hertfordshire Press

Short description

Excellent, easily comprehensible book on Romani, which answers the questions frequently asked in connection with language, but also with history, culture, and self-awareness of the Roma. The articles were written by real experts on Romani. The book is currently available in English only, but it is easily readable for pupils too thanks to the clear, simple language.

Content

"Introduction": The introduction explains the basic terms (Roma, Sinti, Zigeuner, Gadže, Romani etc.) and explains the pronunciation rules in Romani.

"Origins of Romani": Where do the Roma come from? How do we know?

"Nature of the Romani language": Is Romani a proper language? Where does its lexicon come from? Grammar and sound system

"Language Use": the chapter on language use deals with the following questions: Who speaks Romani?, when, why, where and how; speech acts in Romani (expressing politeness, pleas and thanks, swearwords, taboo words, greetings); stories and songs, proverbs, riddles and language games

"Language and culture": autonyms and terms used by others, group names, terms for Non-Roma, first names, surnames and nicknames, names for places, terms for family relations, important people and events, religious terms

"Unity and diversity": Romani dialects, their similarities and differences, languages similar to Romani.

Note: The chapter on para-Romani (p. 77 ff) has roused protest from many Roma because they think it implies that para-Romani is not part of Romani. Evidently, particularly the speakers of para-Romani attach importance to being Roma and thus speakers of Romani, and to calling their language Romani.

"Romani in public life": This chapter deals with the role Romani plays in the public sphere. After centuries of repression and various language bans, and the ensuing secrecy, if not even loss of that language, Romani is finally increasing in value, and used in public life (films, theater, music, books, schools, etc.)

"The future of the Romani language / Romani in the modern world": Future prospects of oral vs. written Romani; lexicon extension; standardization and language preservation

"Scientific research on Romani": Short summary of Romani research in the past and present scientific questions.

"Further reading" / "Some Romani websites": recommended literature, in thematic order. Links with comments

Goal

Getting to know (not learn!) the Roma’s language, as well as various historical, cultural and political aspects of being Roma.

Target Group

The book is suitable and recommended for all those interested in the language and culture of the Roma (and can read easy English).

Reference

History and Social Studies, Political Education; can also be used in the English class

Collection of Material/Book What is the Romani language?

Details about Fairy Tales and Narratives


Title

Halwachs, Dieter W. / Gärtner-Horvath, Emmerich / Wogg, Michael (ed.) (2000) Der Rom und der Teufel / O rom taj o beng. Märchen, Erzählungen und Lieder der Roma aus dem Burgenland, Klagenfurt: Drava. (256 p.)

Source of supply

Drava Publishing House, Tarviser Straße 16, 9020 Klagenfurt or at http://www.drava.at/; Phone (+43) 0463/501099; mail to office@drava.at

Short description

Fairy tales, narratives and songs (with notes) of the Burgenland-Roma. Bilingual Roman–German. (1)
Listen to it on CD: Schun, so me phukavav...

Collection of Material/CD Schun, so me phukavav...

Content

The fairies, narratives and songs by Johann "Kalitsch" Horvath, Paula Nardai and many others were recorded and – some of them – written down between 1952 and 1999.

Fairy tales and comical tales about the Rom and the devil, about kings, dragons, evil mother-in-laws, the great love, etc.

Narratives about the dead and the mule, the spirit of the deceased, about the Trud, about how to cook a hedgehog, but also about life in concentration camps.

Lyrics, particularly about Auschwitz, with notes.

Additional background information: "Zur Geschichte, Situation und Sprache der Roma im Burgenland" by Dieter W. Halwachs and "Märchen, Erzählungen und Lieder der Burgenland-Roma" by Michael Wogg.


→ Rombase
Personalities

Goal

Getting to know the "other" point of view of the Burgenland-Roma, their life, traditions, body of thought and language

Target Group

Depends on the selection, as some texts may not be suitable for children because of their ribald content. Generally interesting for all age groups.

Reference

German, Music, History and Social Studies, Geography and Economic Studies, Political Education

Collection of Material/Book Der Rom und der Teufel


Title

Cech, Petra / Fennesz-Juhasz, Christiane / Halwachs, Dieter W. / Heinschink, Mozes F. (ed.) (2001) Fern von uns im Traum... / Te na dikhas sunende... Märchen, Erzählungen und Lieder der Lovara, Klagenfurt: Drava. (432 p.)

Source of supply

Drava Publishing House, Tarviser Straße 16, 9020 Klagenfurt or at http://www.drava.at/; Phone (+43) 0463/501099; mail to office@drava.at

Short description

Fairy Tales, (autobiographic) narratives and songs (with notes) of the Austrian Lovara. Bilingual Romani–German.
Listen to it on CD: Kodo phende e Romora

Collection of Material/CD Kodo phende e Romora...

Content

The texts in this book are transcripts of recordings in Lovara-Romani made between 1960 and 1998.

Fairy tales, legends, mulo stories, comical tales, parables, anecdotes, (autobiographical) narratives ans songs by Ceija Stojka, Mongo Stojka, Karl Nitsch, Ruža Nikolić-Lakatos and many others.

→ Rombase
Personalities

Fairies: "Warum der Rom bei seiner Frau blieb" (Why the Rom stayed with his wife), "Wie der Rom den Teufel überlistete" (How the Rom outwitted the devil), "Die zwei Brüder" (The two brothers), "Der Igel und seine Frau" (The hedgehog and his wife), "Das Spinnhaus" and others; the subjects are taken from the folktales of (past and present-day) neighboring peoples.

Narratives: "Unsere alte Welt" (Our old world), "Die Rom und der Totengeist" (The Rom and the death spirit) (mulo), "So kochten die Romnja" (That's how the Romnja cooked), "Weihnachten" (Christmas), "Ich lebe mit meinen Verstorbenen" (I'm living with my deceased) etc.; those narratives include stories of personal experience as well as narratives about the Austrian Lovara's culture which were passed on by word of mouth.

Songs: dance tunes, slow songs, and three nursery rhymes.

Additional background information: "Die österreichischen Lovara" by Dieter W. Halwachs and "Märchen, Erzählungen und Lieder der Lovara" by Petra Cech and Christine Fennesz-Juhasz.

Goal

Getting to know the "other" point of view of the Lovara-Roma, their life, traditions, body of thought and language

Target Group

Depends on the selection, as some texts may not be suitable for children because of their ribald content. Generally interesting for all age groups.

Reference

German, Music, History and Social Studies, Geography and Economic Studies, Political Education

Collection of Material/Book Fern von uns im Traum...


Title

Cech, Petra / Fennesz-Juhasz, Christiane / Halwachs, Dieter W. / Heinschink, Mozes F. (ed.) (2003) Die schlaue Romni / E bengali Romni. Märchen und Lieder der Roma, Klagenfurt: Drava. (352 p.)

Source of supply

Drava Publishing House, Tarviser Straße 16, 9020 Klagenfurt or at http://www.drava.at/; Phone (+43) 0463/501099; mail to office@drava.at

Short description

Fairy tales, comical tales, ballads, and songs of various groups of Austrian Roma as well as from the neighboring countries and the Austrian Roma's countries of origin.
Listen to it: Oh romnije zelenije...

Collection of Material/CD Oh romnije zelenije...

Content

These are written-down (and translated) versions of stories and songs which have been recorded over the past four decades and mainly come from the Heinschink Collection.

Fairies and songs by Dragan Jevremović, Ágnes Darószi and others, in various Romani dialects, from Macedonia, Southern Serbia, Kosovo, Banat, Hungary, Slovenia, Slovakia and the Czech Republic.

Fairy Tales: various types of fairies, among others mulo stories (autobiographic and fictitious stories about the death spirit), various comical tales, one heroic legend (about the – originally Albanian – hero Zuko Bajraktar), one parable ("Salz und Zucker" – salt and sugar: the son's love for his mother is the salt whose value the mother does not recognize), animal stories, one fool story, a story of Creation ("Wie der Rom erschaffen wurde" – How the Rom was made) etc.

Songs: The songs represented in this book feature, to the greatest part, among a historic repertoire, like, for instance, the epic songs (such as the "Lied von der Brücke" – the Song about the Bridge).

Additional background information: "Märchen und Lieder mittel- und südosteuropäischer Roma" by Petra Cech and Christiane Fennesz-Juhasz: on the origin of and terms for the Roma groups appearing in this book, on the individual narrators and singers, on the characteristics of different Romani varieties, on typical elements of Roma fairy tales and songs, as well as on the individual fairies.

Goal

Getting to know the diversity (caused by the many different cultural influences) of Roma fairy tales and songs; getting to know the life, traditions, body of thought and language of various groups of Roma.

Target Group

Depending on the selection, for children from six years on; the songs probably are not interesting as texts for the pupils, they should be played on CD.

Reference

German, Music, Geography and Economic Studies, History and Social Studies, Political Education

Collection of Material/Book Die schlaue Romni


Title

Franz, Philomena (2001) Zigeunermärchen, Norderstedt: BoD GmbH. (80 p.)

Source of supply

any (internet) bookstore; e.g. http://www.amazon.de/

Short description

Philomena Franz, a German Sintiza, tells stories which express the life and the views of the Sinti (and Roma); they always center on the difficult relations to non-Roma and the prejudices against "gypsies".

Content

The fairy tales tell, among others, about Pappi, the clever little goose, the evergreen pine, the wise gypsy king, about violinists and the outwitted devil, the beautiful Damischa etc.

But all those stories tell – first and foremost – about the "gypsies" and convey a very positive, sometimes stereotypical, picture of a people that loves freedom and nature. Between the individual stories, Philomena Franz gives explanations of traditional customs.

Note: Not all of her explanations are in accordance with the facts; but they are explanations that are accessible and comprehensible for children.

Perspective

From the point of view of a German Sintiza who wants to convey to the reader a sympathy and an understanding for her people.

Goal

Philomena Franz' narratives facilitate a first, positive access to the world of the "gypsies". They "don't want to be only entertaining. They should raise understanding for 'strange' people who have suffered for decades because of their fellow men's prejudices, and often had to travel from country to country, searching for a home". (Zigeunermärchen p. 5).

Target Group

The fairy tales are told for children, and the explanations are for fairly young children (5 – 6 years); this does not mean that adults won’t enjoy them.

Collection of Material/Book Zigeunermärchen


Title

Hackl, Erich (1989) Abschied von Sidonie, Zürich: Diogenes. (128 p.)

Source of supply

any (internet) bookstore; e.g. http://www.amazon.de/

Short description

Erich Hackl tells the story of the "gypsy" girl Sidonie Adlersburg, who was taken away from her foster parents in 1943 and brought back to her natural mother. A few days later Sidonie is deported to Ausschwitz, and she dies soon after. (2)
The narrative is based on historical facts which have been condensed by Erich Hackl through year-long, extensive research, in archives as well as through talks with contemporary witnesses, to a touching document of the fate of Sidonie, but also of Austria's history.

Collection of Material/Video Sidonie

Content

In August 1933, a newborn "gypsy girl" is found in front of the hospital in Steyr (Upper Austria). It has a piece of paper with it saying "My name is Sidonie Adlersburg and I was born on the road to Altheim. Looking for parents."

Sidonie is taken in by the Breirather family and nursed back to health. She grows up together with her foster brother Manfred and a second foster daughter Hilde, loved like a natural daughter. At first, the fact that Sidonie is a "gypsy" is no problem. As politically committed social democrats, the Breirather family has grown accostumed to hostility. The political development, however, aggravates the situation. When Sidonie is old enough to go to school, discrimination because of her "racial affiliation" is tangible.

The authorities in Steyr intensify their search for Sidonie's natural mother. Finally, their efforts pay off; the Breirather family is told to immediately bring Sidonie to her natural mother; desperate attempts of the family to keep her follow. "With a little courage"(3) it would have been possible to make an exception in Sidonie's case, but those responsible vote in favor of handing her over, reasoning that the "gypsy character" would sooner or later show itself and cause problems. "...it was only a combination of thoughtlessness, false decency and wrong obeisance that led to the child's extradition."(4)

Finally, Sidonie is handed over to her mother, and together with other gypsies deported from Camp Hopfgarten to Auschwitz with the last transport. There, she dies from humiliation, hunger, cold, and – most of all – from a broken heart.

After the war, life goes on as if Sidonie had never existed. Only her foster parents never get over her death. They are even denied putting up a memorial stone. It is only in 1988, a few months before the start of the film's shooting, that a memorial stone is put up in Sidonie's hometown Letten; however, this is a tribute rather to Erich Hackl and the award his script won, than to Sidonie's memory.

Note: Abschied von Sidonie not only tells about one girl's fate, but paints an insistent picture of the social and political circumstances in the years before and in World War II. Hackl mentions the historic background in detail, which makes it necessary to present the topic carefully in class.

Perspective

The events are shown from the point of view of the writer, who clearly feels strongly for Sidonie and sympathizes with the human and political views of the Breirather family. His personal sympathy and concern become clear at the end of the book, "an der sich der Chronist nicht länger hinter Fakten und Mutmaßungen verbergen kann. An der er seine ohnmächtige Wut hinausschreien möchte"(5) (when the chronicler can no longer hide behind facts and guesses; when he would like to shout to express his anger).

Goal

This narrative is very touching and offers the excellent opportunity to make contemporary history tangible and comprehensible with the help of a personal life story. It shows that (and how) independent thinking, acting and courage – or their opposites – can change the course of (a) (hi)story.

Target Group

from 10 years on; also recommended for adults

Collection of Material/Book Abschied von Sidonie

Details about Autobiographies


Title

Nikolić, Mišo (2002) ...und dann zogen wir weiter. Lebenslinien einer Roma-Familie, Klagenfurt: Drava. (144 p.)

Source of supply

Drava Publishing House, Tarviser Straße 16, 9020 Klagenfurt or at http://www.drava.at/; Phone (+43) 0463/501099; mail to office@drava.at

Short description

The first part of the autobiography of the Roma musician Nikolić Mišo gives insight into the (bygone) world of one Roma family, their customs and way of life.

Content

Mišo Nikolić was born on the way to the market in 1940 in Southern Serbia, the youngest of nine children. Starting with his parents' marriage he tells about flight and disgrace, reconciliation and cohesion within the family.

He talks about the traveling life, about surviving World War II, about buying the first house after the war, and about settled life. He describes his first days at school, his father's ever-changing jobs, and his mother's profession – essential to the family income - , fortune telling. After his father's, and a few years later his mother's death, Mišo takes care of the remaining family by working as a (house) painter. In the end, Mišo Nikolić goes to Vienna, where he meets his future wife, renowned singer Ruža Nikolić-Lakatos.

The book ends with Mišo's deportation to Yugoslavia. The rest of his life story is told in Landfahrer (also published by Drava in 2000).

Today, Mišo Nikolić lives in Vienna; together with his wife and their sons Sascha and Mischa he makes and composes music. "Ruža Nikolić-Lakatos and the Gypsy Family" probably is the best-known Roma ensemble in Austria.

→ Rombase
Personalities » Nikolić-Lakatos, Ruža

Perspective

This very authentic self-portrayal of a Roma life gives evidence of an almost bygone world.

Goal

Getting to know the Roma's traditional ways of life. The book offers insight into the family hierarchy, the Roma’s customs and values, the course of traditional celebrations (e.g. marriage) and customs (e.g. upholding the memory of the deceased), as well as into the Roma professions and their strategies for survival, which to Gadže often seem unorthodox.

Note

The accounts in this book are not valid for all groups of Roma in this form. It also has to be taken into consideration that this book describes days long gone by; not everything has lost its validity, but the Roma’s life has naturally changed over the last decades; only few groups life their life as traditionally as described in the book.

Target Group

With the appropriate selection of passages, suitable for children aged 10 and older; also very interesting for adults.

Reference

History and Social Studies, German, Political Education

Collection of Material/Book ...und dann zogen wir weiter


Title

Stojka, Ceija (2003) Wir leben im Verborgenen. Erinnerungen einer Rom-Zigeunerin, 4th edition. Vienna: Picus. (154 p.)

Source of supply

Picus Publishing House, Friedrich-Schmidt-Platz 4, 1080 Vienna or at http://www.picus.at/; Phone (+43) 01/4081821; mail to vertrieb@picus.at

Short description

By publishing her autobiography in 1998, Ceija Sijka was the first Austrian romni to make public her life story. "Not only did she break the silence over the persecution of the minorities (Sinti and Roma) during National Socialism, but she also was at the beginning of a process of dealing with the way of life and the history of an ethnic group, up to that time almost unknown and driven into seclusion." (blurb 4th edition).

→ Pedagogics
Literature, Films and Links » Films: Ceija Stojka

Content

In the first part of her book ("Ist das die ganze Welt?" p. 15 – 82) Ceija Stojka, Romni from the group called Lovara, writes about her life in Vienna at the beginning of the persecution by National Socialists in 1939, about her family's gradual deportation to concentration camps, and most particularly, about her time in Auschwitz, Ravensbrück and finally Bergen-Belsen.

After her liberation she returns to Vienna; the caravan in which her family had lived before the deportation has been destroyed, a great part of her relations are dead. Without the authorities' help she starts looking for a flat, and takes on the fight for daily survival.

The second part of the book ("Du darfst keine andere sein" p. 97 – 155) gives an account of an interview between Ceija Stojka and publisher Karin Berger, during which Stojka talks about her reasons for writing down these terrible events, but also about her childhood before the war, when she was still traveling with her family. She describes the time after the war, talks about a Roma's thoughts and feelings, about the "small" differences between Roma and Gadže – the Non-Roma - , about being Roma today and, repeatedly, about the skills needed for surviving in an environment that oftentimes is not at all well-meaning.

→ Rombase
Personalities » The Stojkas

Perspective

History and life of the Roma from an "inner" perspective. The accounts are very personal, and this immediacy makes them particularly overwhelming.

Goal

Getting to know a specific part of the Austrian Roma's history (holocaust and the time after World War II); getting to know various aspects of being Roma (family, daily life, culture, living with the Gadže, etc.) from the point of view of a Lovarica.

Target Group

With the appropriate selection of passages suitable for children aged 10 and older; also very interesting for adults.

Reference

History and Social Studies, German, Political Education

Further books by Ceija Stojka can be found in the bibliographic database "Romane Lila" at http://romani.uni-graz.at/romani/cluster.de.shtml

Collection of Material/Book Wir leben im Verborgenen

Details about the Material for Classroom Use


Title

Baumhauer, Ursula (ed.) (2000) Abschied von Sidonie von Erich Hackl. Materialien zu einem Buch und seiner Geschichte, Zürich: Diogenes. (335 p.)

Source of supply

any (internet) bookstore; e.g. http://www.amazon.de/

Content

History of the book's genesis and reactions to the narrative Abschied von Sidonie; film script; material on the "case" Sidonie Adlersburg (wellfare brief, protocols about the hearing with Josefa Breirather and Joschi Adlersburg, table of working times; pictures), various contributions to the book's effects (among others by Erika Thurner on the "forgotten holocaust" of Roma and Sinti and by Rosemarie Fischer/Günther Krapp on his experiences in the classroom).
Note: for readers who are interested in details, interesting for teachers.

Collection of Material/Book Abschied von Sidonie von Erich Hackl


Title

Domanski, Herbert (1999) Analysehilfen Erich Hackl "Abschied von Sidonie", Stuttgart / Düsseldorf / Leipzig: Klett. (71 p.)

Source of supply

any (internet) bookstore; e.g. http://www.amazon.de/

Content

Contemporary background; overview of contents; structure and themes of the narrative; characters; Hackl's narrative techniques; didactic suggestions (for writing tasks); digression: Austria as a republic 1918 – 1938; word explanations

Collection of Material/Book Analysehilfen Erich Hackl "Abschied von Sidonie"


Title

Fischer, Rosemarie / Krapp, Günther (2002) Erich Hackl: "Abschied von Sidonie". Lehrerheft und Schülerheft, Rot a. d. Rot: Krapp & Gutknecht. (111 / 59 p.)

Source of supply

Publishing House Krapp & Gutknecht GbR, Schillerring 8, D-88430 Rot a. d. Rot or http://www.krapp-gutknecht.de/.../Sidonie.htm; Phone (+49) 08395/93034; mail to info@Krapp-Gutknecht.de

Content Teacher's Book

About the book: fables, characters, author, genesis, narrative structure, structure of the recommendation for teachers and use of the student's book

Modules for classroom use: didactic suggestions for the individual chapters and on the narrative's theme

Thoughts and transfer: Who brought Sidonie into the concentration camp? Tasks dealing with the memory of Sidonie etc.

Material and essays on Sinti and Roma: origin, history and culture, antiziganism, the Sinti and Roma's situation after World War II etc.

Books and films: short, well-described selection, among others about the films in the Collection of Material, Sidonie and Auf Wiedersehen im Himmel and about the book Antiziganismus.

Contact addresses: unfortunately there is only one address for Austria; for further contact addresses for Austrian Roma (and Sinti) organizations see "Literature, Films and Links"

Content Student's Book

Worksheets for the individual chapters, tips for creative writing;

Material: pictures, interviews with Erich Hackl and Sidonie's brother, Manfred Breirather; texts: on the persecution of Roma and Sinti during National Socilaism, on prejudices, discrimination and racism, on Austria's history after 1918 etc.

Task: Memorial for Sidonie

Note

Very good and extensive preparation for classroom use

Collection of Material/Book Erich Hackl: "Abschied von Sidonie"


Title

Gesellschaft für Bedrohte Völker (ed.) (2002) Sinti und Roma – eine Minderheit in Deutschland. Unterrichtseinheit für Schülerinnen und Schüler ab der 9. Klasse, Göttingen: Gesellschaft für Bedrohte Völker. (150 p.)

Source of supply

Gesellschaft für bedrohte Völker, Postfach (PO BOX) 2024, D-37010 Göttingen or http://www.gfbv.de/; Phone (+49) 0551/49906-0; mail to info@gfbv.de.

Short description

Sinti und Roma – eine Minderheit in Deutschland can be a main thread and a stimulus for discussing various Roma-related topics in class.

Content

The module is divided into 8 phases:
Phase 1: "Grundinformationen zum Thema Minderheiten und Randgruppen" deals with the term "minorities": What makes a group a fringe group, and what kind of minorities (ethnic, religious) are there?

Phase 2: "Basisinformationen über Sinti und Roma" deals with the term "gypsy", with the culture, the history and present-day situation of Sinti and Roma. We do not really recommend using source B2, the preface to the novel Verdammter Zigeuner by Ronald Lee (6), because this text in some parts conveys incomplete and stereotyped information.

Phase 3: "Das Leiden der Sinti und Roma im Nationalsozialismus" gives a short overview of persecution, but mainly uses eyewitness accounts – like that of the Auschwitz camp commander.

Phase 4: "Wiedergutmachung" (reparations)– a very topical subject. The German documents and sources would, naturally, have to be replaced by the Austrian equivalents.

Phase 5 and 5B deals with human rights, civil rights and minority rights both as far as terminology and their significance for Roma and Sinti are concerned, and talks about the necessity of effective minority protection. This chapter – particularly some source texts – is quite complicated; it deals with complex issues and some juridical (e.g. "General declaration of Human Rights") texts. We suggest placing the emphasis on the self-organization of Austrian Roma and Sinti.

Phase 6: "Roma aus Osteuropa" gives a good overview of the Roma's situation in the Czech Republic, in Slovakia, Hungary, Poland and in Kosovo, as well as of the "stateless" Roma's situation.

Phase 7: "Vorurteile und Klischeevorstellungen" can be used very well as introduction into the general topic "Roma". At firts, the own ideas about the Roma and with them prejudices and cliches are recognized and questioned. The most common prejudices against Roma are examined in view of their substance and refuted with logical arguments and statements by those affected.

Phase 8: "Handlungsperspektiven" should show ways to contribute to the fight against discrimination and racism.

Perspective

Lesson plans by Non-Roma on the topic of Roma, but statements by Roma are included through (literary) texts and interviews.

Goal

Familiarizing the majority population with the Roma's origins and history, and to allow them insight into the culture and tradition of the Sinti and Roma (goals set in the preface, p. 5f). Further goals are: conveying information on discrimination, persecution and the genocide of Roma and Sinti, discussing the Roma's present-day situation – also in Eastern European countries -, counteracting prejudices and cliches and developing perspectives for one’s own possibilities of action.

Target Group

The target group is defined as pupils from 9 to 13; in this age group, however, the topics have to be chosen carefully. We think that certain topics (such as phase 5 and 5B) are particularly suited for pupils who are 13 or older. Can also be used very well in adult education.

Reference

Depends on the chosen topics; History and Social Studies, Political Education, Geography and Economic Studies, but also German and Religion.

Collection of Material/Book Sinti und Roma


Title

Ortmayer, Christoph / Peters, Elke / Strauß, Daniel (1998) Antiziganismus. Geschichte und Gegenwart deutscher Sinti und Roma, Wiesbaden: Hessisches Landesinstitut für Pädagogik. (151 p.)

Source of supply

Hessisches Landesinstitut für Pädagogik, Zentrales Publikationsmanagement, Postfach (PO Box) 3105, D-65021 Wiesbaden or http://www.help-zpm.de/; Phone (+49) 0611/8803-203; mail to order@help-zpm.de.

Short description

Two well-developed lesson plans for showing the racist exclusion of Sinti and Roma ("Boxermann Troll – ein deutscher Sinto") and the holocaust of Sinti and Roma ("Auf Wiedersehen im Himmel – Die Sintikinder von der St. Josefspflege in Mulfingen") respectively. Numerous sources, documents and pictures, including pictures of the lately deceased Austrian Rom Karl Stojka. Information on history and present-day situation of the Roma as well as on various aspects of antiziganism.
Note: These materials refer mainly to Germany, but for the biggest part they are equally valid for Austria (due to thematic linking).

Collection of Material/Video Auf Wiedersehen im Himmel

Content

"Sachinformation Sinti und Roma": History of the Sinti and Roma; tradition of antiziganism; history of antiziganistic persecution; genocide; the Sinti and Roma's societal situation after World War II; status of minorities in Germany

"Boxer Trollmann – ein deutscher Sinto": lesson frame, access to the topic, didactic and methodological ideas; material for classroom use

"Auf Wiedersehen im Himmel – Die Sintikinder von der St. Josefspflege in Mulfingen": this chapter is a didactic adaption of the film of the same name for classroom use. Access to the topic; didactic and methodological ideas; material for class use

"Antiziganismus in Deutschland": extracts on various aspects of antiziganism (chapters "Elemente des Antiziganismus", "Zigeunerbilder deutscher Dichter", "Antiziganismus in den Medien von heute" etc.)

"Stichworte": overview of Sinti and Roma genocide, selection of literature; authors; addresses

Perspective

Dealing with the topic "racial exclusion" and "genocide during National Socialist era" with the help of personal life stories; also including the perpetrators' view.

Goal

It is generally unknown that Sinti and Roma were also victims of racially motivated persecution and genocide during the National Socialist era, and this fact has been kept hidden for a long time – even in schoolbooks. The material on hand should help to inform pupils and adults about the social and political interrelations of antiziganism with the help of personal life stories, "damit die Vorrausetzungen dafür geschaffen werden, dass Menschen den Opfern unserer Minderheit in Würde begegnen [Es geht auch darum] Schülerinnen und Schüler zu ermuntern und zu befähigen, eine Gesellschaft ohne Rassismus mitzugestalten" (...in order to establish the conditions that we meet the minority's victims with grace. Students should be encouraged and enabled to help form a society without racism) [both quotes by Adam Strauß, head of the Verband deutscher Sinti und Roma, Landesverband Hessen, in the preface p. 5)

Target Group

The target group is defined as pupils in Sekundarstufe I. Carefully selected individual texts can probably be used from ten years on, but we would recommend using this material with pupils 14 or older. Can also be used well in adult education.

Reference

History and Social Studies; Political Education; German (see chapters "Zigeunerbilder deutscher Dichter" p. 128 ff and "Antiziganismus in den Medien von heute" p. 134ff).

Collection of Material/Book Antiziganismus

1 Roman is the autonym the Burganland Roma use for their variety of Romani.
2 To learn more about the book's genesis see HACKL, ERICH (2000) Sehend gemacht. Eine Bilanz, in: BAUMHAUER, URSULA (ed.) (2000); see Collection of Material/Book
3 Hackl, Erich (2000) p.12
4 Gauß, Karl-Markus (2000) Über Geduld und Ungeduld, Erzählen und Erklären, Stil und Moral. Anmerkungen zu Erich Hackl, in: Baumhauer, Ursula (ed.) (2000) see Collection of Material/Book
5 Hackl, Erich (1989) Abschied von Sidonie, Zürich: Diogenes, p. 100
6 Lee, Ronald (1997) Verdammter Zigeuner, Weinheim / Basel: Beltz.
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